History and characteristics of the Dachshund
The Dachshund (also called Teckel or Dackel in Germany) was created in Germany where he was known as the badger dog, dachs meaning badger and hund meaning dog. Illustrations of dogs resembling Dachshunds date to the 15th century, and documents from the 16th century mention the "earth dog," "badger creeper," and "dachsel." Badger wasn't the Dachshund's only prey. He was also used on den animals such as foxes, and packs of Dachshunds trailed wild boar.
Known as the Teckel in Germany, the breed was refined over the course of many years by German foresters in the 18th and 19th centuries. They wanted to develop a fearless, elongated dog that could dig into badger burrows, and then go into the burrows to fight the badger to the death if necessary. The Smooths were the original type, created through crosses with the Braque, a small French pointing breed, and the Pinscher, a small terrier-type ratter. French Basset Hounds may also have played a role in the Dachshund's development. The long-coated Dachshunds were probably created through crosses with various spaniels and the wirehairs through crosses with terriers.
Their short, powerful legs enabled Dachshunds to go deep into narrow tunnels to pursue their prey. Their long, sturdy tails, extending straight from the spine, provided hunters with a "handle" to pull the Dachshund out of the burrow. The Dachshund's unusually large and paddle-shaped paws were perfect for efficient digging. The Smooth Dachshund's loose skin wouldn't tear as the dog traversed into tight burrows. Their deep chest with ample lung capacity gave them the stamina to hunt, and their long noses enabled them to be good scent hounds. Even their deep, loud bark had a reason - so the hunter to locate his dog after it had gone into a burrow.
In the 1800s, Dachshunds started being bred more as pets than as hunters, especially in Great Britain. They were favorites in royal courts all over Europe, including that of Queen Victoria, who was especially fond of the breed. Due to this trend, their size was gradually reduced by about 10 pounds . Eventually, an even smaller version - the miniature dachshund - was bred .
A breed standard was written in 1879, and the German Dachshund Club was founded nine years later, in 1888.
The Characteristics and Temperament of the Dachshund:
It is small dog with lots of energy, friendly by nature, loves to snuggle with you on the sofa and share your bed.
Neither nervous nor aggressive with even temperament.
He is a passionate hunting dog with an excellent nose, can be used under or above ground.
He is strong and has great endurance, hast lots of heart and personality.
He can be a real clown and brings lost of smiles and laughter to its family.
He is very versatile and adapt easily to its surroundings, he can live in the country or appartment. He needs little room to be happy, but does enjoy a yard and going on walks.
He is a great watch dog and nobody can get unnoticed through the 24 hr. Dachshund Security system.
He is a great playmate to children and a great companion.
He is a enthusiastic car passenger that loves to ride along where ever he is allowed to go along.
Dachshunds belong to a line of long living dogs 16 years and older are common.
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